Gardenia maluwa Chitahiti: kubereka ndi kulima

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Gardenia maluwa Chitahiti: kubereka ndi kulima

Duwa losakhwima la gardenia limasankha pakukula komanso chisamaliro. Koma kuswana kwake sikungabweretse mavuto ngati mukudziwa mawonekedwe ake ndikutsatira malamulo ena pobzala.

Kufotokozera ndi kubereka kwa gardenia

Mitundu yoposa 200 ya chomerachi imapezeka m'nkhalango zotentha za ku East Asia kapena Africa. M'chilengedwe, izi ndi zitsamba kapena mitengo yokhala ndi mphukira zolimba, zotsutsana, masamba onyezimira ndi maluwa okongola kwambiri ngati belu kapena funnel, omwe ali ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Maluwa amatha kuyambira Julayi mpaka Novembala.

Duwa la gardenia limafunikira nthawi yachisanu

Mitundu ina idazolowerana bwino ndi momwe zilili m'nyumba. Njira ina yogulira duwa ingakhale imodzi mwa njira zoswana:

  • Zodula. Iyi ndi njira yosavuta. Mu February, kudula apical cuttings amene ayamba nkhuni, gwirani pang'ono mu njira ya potaziyamu permanganate ndi kudzala mu chisakanizo cha mchenga ndi peat. Aphimbe ndi pulasitiki kapena mitsuko. Pa kutentha kwa firiji, chinyezi chokhazikika ndi mpweya, rooting idzachitika mwezi umodzi.
  • Mbewu. Njirayi ndi yayitali ndipo imafuna chisamaliro. Mbewu zitha kukolola nokha kapena kugula m'sitolo, kusankha zatsopano. Zilowerere m'madzi kwa tsiku, kubzala kuti akuya 5 mm, moisten ndi kuphimba ndi zojambulazo. Pakatha mwezi umodzi, zina zimamera. Bzalani mbande zazing'ono m'miphika yosiyana ndikuphimba ndi mitsuko. Akakula, ikaninso.

Bzalani mbande m'dothi lotayirira, lopatsa thanzi, la acidic, ndikuyika ngalande pansi pa mphika. Chomera chomwe chimakula kuchokera ku cuttings chidzaphuka mu nyengo yamakono, ndipo ikafalitsidwa ndi njere mu chaka chimodzi.

Kukula gardenia m'nyumba

Sikokwanira kubzala duwa. M'chilengedwe, imakula mpaka zaka 20, koma m'nyumba yosamalidwa bwino imatha kukhala zaka 10. Kuti muchite izi, muyenera kulabadira zikhalidwe za kuswana kwake:

  • Malo owala bwino. Mbali yakumadzulo kapena yakum'mawa ndiyoyenera kwambiri, pomwe simuyenera kuyika mthunzi padzuwa kapena kuyatsa nyali zina.
  • Kutentha. Chipindacho chiyenera kukhala chofunda, m'chilimwe +22, ndipo m'nyengo yozizira sichitsika kuposa + 16 ° C. Kusintha kwadzidzidzi ndi zojambulazo ndizosavomerezeka.
  • Chinyezi chachikulu. Kuphatikiza pa kuthirira koyenera, kutentha kwambiri komanso kusowa kwanthawi yoziziritsa, utsi musanatuluke, pukutani masamba, ndikuyika chidebe chamadzi pafupi ndi izo.

Zomera zimakhudzidwa ndi kusintha, zimatha kukhetsa masamba pakakhala kusowa kwa kuwala, kuyikapo kapena kukonzanso malo ena.

Mitundu yochepa chabe monga jasmine ndi Tahiti gardenia imamera m'nyumbamo. Amakopa ndi kukongola kwachilendo ndi fungo lokoma ndikupanga mpweya wabwino m'chipindamo.

Siyani Mumakonda