Momwe mungazindikire zosakaniza zanyama mu zakudya

Kwa zaka zambiri tsopano, omenyera ufulu wa nyama akhala akuyesera mwaukadaulo kapena mwachinyengo kuletsa kugwiritsa ntchito zosakaniza za nyama m'makampani, koma mpaka pano osaphula kanthu. Ndipo ngati omwe amadya nyama alibe chidwi ndi mafunso awa, ndiye anthu omwe amadyera nyama mwadala mwadala, mkaka kapena mazira amatha kupitiliza kuzigwiritsa ntchito kapena zotengera zawo, osadziwa nkomwe za izo. Mutha kuthana ndi zotere ndikukhala osakhutira ndikuphunzira momwe mungazifotokozere. Komanso, izi sizili zovuta monga zikuwonekera.

Zowonjezera Zakudya Zakudya: Zomwe Alipo Ndipo Chifukwa Chani Muzipewa

Mwinanso, kupanga mafakitale ndikosatheka popanda zowonjezera zowonjezera. Amathandizira kukonza kukoma kwa zakudya zazakudya, kusintha mtundu wawo, ndipo pamapeto pake amawonjezera mashelufu. Kutengera komwe adachokera, onse adagawika m'mitundu ingapo, koma odyetsa zamasamba, chifukwa cha zikhulupiriro zawo, ali ndi chidwi ndi zowonjezeretsa zanyama. Kungoti amapangidwa kuchokera ku zopangira zomwe nyama zimapereka. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala mafuta nyama kapena iwo maselo a pigment… Zoyamba zimagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga alirezatalischindipo omaliza - utoto… Pakadali pano, zosakaniza izi zimapangidwa kuchokera ku cartilage, mafupa oswedwa a nyama zophedwa, kapena ma enzyme obisika m'mimba mwawo.

Momwe mungazindikire zosakaniza zanyama mu zakudya

Njira yotsimikizika kwambiri yodziwira komwe zopangira zimayambira ndikumana ndi katswiri. Chowonadi ndichakuti kuphatikiza zowonjezera zina za nyama kapena chomera, palinso zotsutsana zomwe zimatha kupangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zina. Zoona, zambiri za iwo nthawi zonse zimawonetsedwa phukusili, ngakhale nthawi zina zimakhala zophimbidwa, zomwe zimatha kusokoneza ngakhale wazamasamba wodziwa zambiri. Chifukwa chake, kuti athane ndi izi, ndibwino kuti muwerenge mndandanda wonse wazakudya zochokera kuzinyama, komanso momwe angagwiritsire ntchito momwe zingathere.

Zosakaniza zanyama mu chakudya

Malinga ndi Ontario Livestock Council, makampaniwa amagwiritsa ntchito 98% ya nyama, 55% yake ndi chakudya. Ichi ndi chiyani ndipo akupita kuti? Pali zosankha zambiri.

  • - chinthu chomwe chimapezeka m'mafupa, minyewa ndi nyama zomwe zimafa zikafa nthawi yayitali. Amapangidwa chifukwa cha collagen, gawo lofunikira la minofu yolumikizana, yomwe imasandulika kukhala mchere wogwirizanitsa… Madzi omwe amapezeka pambuyo pake kuphika yasanduka nthunzi ndipo imamveketsedwa bwino. Pambuyo pozizira, imasanduka jelly, yomwe imawuma ndikugwiritsidwa ntchito popanga marmalade, ufa ndi maswiti. Ubwino waukulu wa gelatin umatsimikiziridwa ndi mawonekedwe ake: ndiyowonekera, yopanda tanthauzo komanso yopanda fungo, ndipo nthawi yomweyo amatembenuza misa ya confectionery kukhala odzola. Pakadali pano, ndi anthu ochepa okha omwe amadziwa kuti masamba a gelatin ali ndi zinthu zomwezo, zomwe ndizabwino kwambiri kwa osadya nyama. Zimapangidwa kuchokera ku agar-agar, citrus ndi apulosi peel, nyanja zamchere, carob. Munthu amene anasiya nyama ayenera kutsogozedwa ndi zakudya zopangidwa ndi masamba a gelatin.
  • Abomasum, kapena rennet. Zitha kukhala zochokera kuzinyama, zikapezeka m'mimba mwa mwana wakhanda wakhanda, kapena masamba, tizilombo tating'onoting'ono kapena tizilombo tating'onoting'ono. Njira zitatu zomalizirazi zimapanga zomwe anthu amadya amadya. Abomasum yokha ndi chinthu chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga tchizi ndi mitundu ina ya tchizi cha koteji. Ubwino wake waukulu, womwe amawagulitsa pamsika wazakudya, ndikutha kwake kuwononga ndikuchita. Ndizosangalatsa kuti enzyme iyi ilibe zofananira ndipo siyipangidwa mwaluso, chifukwa chake ndi yokwera mtengo. Komabe, mwamwayi, sagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zonse. Pamsika, mutha kupeza tchizi zopangidwa ndikuwonjezera zosakaniza za mbewu, monga: Adyghe kapena Oltermanni, ndi zina zambiri. Choyamba, amapatsidwa ndi zowonjezera zomwe sizinyama, zomwe zimadziwika ndi mayina: Kuchokera, Maxilact, Milase, Meito Microbial Rennet.
  • Albumin ndichinthu chomwe sichimangowumitsidwa seramu mapuloteni. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito mmalo mwa dzira loyera kwambiri pomwe kuphika zakudya zophika buledi, makeke, mitanda, chifukwa imamenya bwino, ndikupanga thovu.
  • Pepsin nthawi zambiri imathandizira kuwonjezera kwa nyama, kuphatikiza pazomwe zimachitika limodzi ndi cholembedwa "tizilombo tating'onoting'ono". Pokhapokha ngati izi "ndizololedwa" kwa osadya nyama.
  • Vitamini D3. Zowonjezera zakunyama, popeza ndizopangira zomwe amapanga.
  • Lecithin. Mfundoyi imakhudzanso nkhumba, popeza lecithin yanyama imapangidwa ndi mazira, pomwe soya amapangidwa ndi soya. Pamodzi ndi izi, mutha kupeza lecithin yamasamba, yomwe imagwiritsidwanso ntchito mwakhama pantchito yazakudya.
  • Carmine. Atha kutchulidwa ndi ma carminic acid, cochineal, E120… Ndi colorant amene amapereka kupanikizana, zakumwa, kapena marmalades ndi hue wofiira. Amapezeka m'thupi la Coccus cacti kapena akazi a Dactylopius coccus. Ndi tizirombo tomwe timakhala pazomera zamphamvu ndi mazira awo. Mosakayikira, popanga 1 kg ya mankhwalawo, akazi ambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito, amasonkhanitsidwa asanaikire mazira, popeza panthawiyi amakhala ndi mtundu wofiira. Pambuyo pake, ma casings awo amauma, amathandizidwa ndi zinthu zosiyanasiyana ndikusankhidwa, ndikupeza utoto wachilengedwe koma wokwera mtengo. Nthawi yomweyo, mithunzi yake imangodalira acidity ya chilengedwe ndipo imatha kusiyanasiyana lalanje kukhala wofiira ndi wofiirira.
  • Malasha, kapena CARBON BLACK (hydrocarbon). Yasonyezedwa ndi chilemba E152 ndipo atha kukhala ndiwo zamasamba kapena nyama. Zosiyanasiyana ndi Carbo Animalis, zomwe zimapezeka chifukwa chowotcha nyama zanyama. Amatha kupezeka pazolemba za zakudya zina, ngakhale ndizoletsedwa kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito ndi mabungwe ena.
  • Lutein, kapena LUTEIN (161b) - amapangidwa kuchokera, komabe, nthawi zina amatha kupezeka kuzinthu zopangira mbewu, mwachitsanzo, mignonette.
  • Cryptoxanthin, kapena KRYPTOXANTHIN, ndichinthu chomwe chingatchulidwe kuti 161с ndipo amapangidwa kuchokera ku masamba ndi nyama zopangira.
  • Rubixanthin, kapena RUBIXANTHIN, ndi chowonjezera chakudya chomwe chimadziwika pakulemba ndi chithunzi 161d ndipo itha kukhalanso yanyama kapena yopanda nyama.
  • Rhodoxanthin, kapena RHODOXANTHIN, ndichophatikiza chomwe chimadziwika phukusili ngati E161f ndipo chimapangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zonse ziwiri zopangira.
  • Violoxanthin, kapena VIOLOXANTHIN. Mutha kuzindikira chowonjezerachi polemba E161e… Itha kukhalanso ya nyama komanso yosakhala nyama.
  • Canthaxanthin, kapena CANTHANTHIN. Yasonyezedwa ndi chilemba Е 161g ndipo ili ndi mitundu iwiri: zomera ndi nyama.
  • Potaziyamu nitrate, kapena NITRATE ndi chinthu chomwe nthawi zambiri chimatchulidwa ndi opanga E252… Mankhwalawo amakhudza thupi, chifukwa koposa zonse amangowonjezera kuthamanga kwa magazi, ndipo moyipa kwambiri kumathandizira kukulitsa khansa. Nthawi yomweyo, itha kupangidwa kuchokera kuzinthu zopangira nyama komanso zopangira zosakhala nyama (potaziyamu nitrate).
  • Propionic acid, kapena PROPIONIC ACID. Yodziwika ndi dzina E280… M'malo mwake, ndizopangidwa kuchokera ku asidi wa asidi, yemwe amapezeka panthawiyo nayonso mphamvu. Komabe, pali lingaliro kuti nthawi zina limakhala chophatikizira cha nyama. Komabe, m'pofunika kupewa osati pazifukwa izi. Chowonadi ndi chakuti propionic acid ndi khansa.
  • kashiamu malate, kapena MALATES. Yasonyezedwa ndi chilemba E352 ndipo amawerengedwa kuti ndi zosakaniza ndi zinyama, ngakhale malingaliro ali otsutsana.
  • Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, kapena E433… Pali kukayika pazakudya zowonjezerazi, chifukwa zimanenedwa kuti zimapezeka pogwiritsa ntchito nkhumba wonenepa.
  • Di- ndi monoglycerides a fatty acids, kapena MONO- NDI DI-GLYCERIDES A FATTY ACIDS. Yasonyezedwa ndi chodetsa E471 ndipo amapangidwa kuchokera kuzakudya zamakampani opanga nyama, monga, kapena mafuta amafuta.
  • Calcium phosphate, kapena bone phosphate, yomwe imadziwika ndi chizindikirocho E542.
  • Monosodium glutamate, kapena MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE. Sizovuta kuzipeza pazolongedzerazo, chifukwa pamenepo zimawonetsedwa ndi chizindikiro E621... Chiyambi cha mankhwalawa ndi chovuta kwambiri, chifukwa ku Russia chimachokera ku zinyalala zopangira shuga. Komabe, ichi si chifukwa choti mukhalebe okhulupirika kwa iye, chifukwa, malinga ndi anthu aku America, ndi monosodium glutamate yomwe imabweretsa kukulira chisokonezo cha chidwi komanso ngakhale ana asukulu. Nthawi zambiri, woyamba amadzionetsera yekha mwa mawonekedwe a zilakolako zakuthwa, zopanda nzeru kudya, ngakhale zakudya zina. Komabe, mpaka pano, awa ndi malingaliro chabe omwe sanatsimikizidwe ndi sayansi yovomerezeka.
  • Inosinic acid, kapena INOSINIC ACID (E630) Ndi chinthu chopangidwa kuchokera ku nyama ndipo nsomba minofu.
  • Mchere wa sodium ndi potaziyamu wa L-listein, kapena L-CYSTEINE NDI HYDROCHLRIDES - NDI POTASSIUM SALTS ndichowonjezera chomwe chikuwonetsedwa ndi chizindikirocho E920 ndipo, malinga ndi malipoti osatsimikizika, amapangidwa ndi ubweya wa nyama, nthenga za mbalame kapena tsitsi la munthu.
  • Lanolin, kapena LANOLINE - chinthu chomwe chimasonyezedwa ndi chizindikiro E913 ndipo imayimira zizindikiro za thukuta zomwe zimawonekera pa ubweya wa nkhosa.

Ndi chiyani china chomwe odyetsa amadya ayenera kuchita nawo mantha?

Pakati pazowonjezera zakudya, pali mitundu ina yowopsa yomwe imafunikira kupewa. Ndipo mfundoyi sikuti imachokera kokha, komanso momwe thupi limakhudzira thupi. Izi ndi za:

  • E220… Iyi ndi sulfure dioxide, kapena SULFUR DIOXIDE, yomwe nthawi zambiri imakonzedwa ndi. Chinthu chowoneka ngati chofala chimatha kusokoneza kuyamwa kwa vitamini B12, kapena zoyipa kwambiri - zimathandizira kuwonongedwa kwake.
  • E951… Ili ndi aspartame, kapena ASPARTAME, poyang'ana koyamba, chinthu chokhazikika chopangidwa chomwe chimagwira ngati zotsekemera. Koma kwenikweni, ichi ndi poizoni wamphamvu kwambiri, yemwe mthupi amasandulika kukhala formalin ndipo amatha kupha. Aspartame ndiyofunika kwambiri kwa opanga chifukwa chakumva njala komanso chidwi chodya matani a zakudya zama hydrocarbon, ndichifukwa chake amawonjezeredwa pakupanga ma sodas okoma. Mwa njira, ndichifukwa chake omaliza nthawi zambiri amakhala m'mashelufu limodzi ndi tchipisi ndi tirigu. M'mayiko angapo, zidaletsedwa wothamanga atamwa Pepsi wazakudya ndi zomwe anali nazo ataphunzitsidwa ndikumwalira.

Mosakayikira, mndandanda wa zosakaniza zowopsa komanso zowopsa zomwe sizili zofunika kwa zamasamba zokha, komanso kwa anthu wamba, ndizosatha, chifukwa zimangowonjezeredwa nthawi zonse. Kodi mungadziteteze bwanji ndi thanzi lanu munthawi izi? Werengani mosamala zilembozo, muziphike nokha ngati kuli kotheka ndipo mugwiritse ntchito zowonjezera zowonjezera, mwachitsanzo, vanila nyemba m'malo mwa vanillin yokumba, ndipo osapachikidwa pa zoyipa, koma mungosangalala ndi moyo!

Zambiri pa zamasamba:

Siyani Mumakonda