Mndandanda wa Zakudya Zam'madzi

Zolemba Zakudya Zam'madzi

Za Zakudya Zam'madzi

Zakudya Zam'madzi

Zakudya zam'madzi ndizodyera zonse zam'madzi. Zakudya zam'nyanja zimakhala ndi mavitamini ambiri komanso zinthu zina zomwe zimapindulitsa thupi.

 

Zakudya zam'madzi zimathetsa kusasangalala komanso kukhumudwa. Anthu omwe amakonda kudya nsomba samakhala ndi nkhawa kuofesi. Chifukwa chake, okhala m'mizinda ayenera kuphatikiza chakudya cham'madzi pazakudya zawo za tsiku ndi tsiku pafupipafupi momwe angathere.

Ubwino wa nsomba

Kupindulitsa kwa nsomba kumatengera kapangidwe kake kachilengedwe. Mwachitsanzo, shrimp imakhala ndi iron, calcium, sulfure, magnesium, ndi phosphorus yambiri. Octopuses amakhala ndi mavitamini B ndi C.

Zakudya zam'nyanja ndizapadera chifukwa zimakhala ndi mafuta ambiri a polyunsaturated Omega-3 ndi Omega-6. Zinthu izi zimapindulitsa kwambiri mtima wamtima, kuteteza ziwiya kuti zisapatuke ndikupanga zikwangwani.

Zakudya zam'nyanja zimakhazikika m'magazi am'magazi, zimayendetsa kagayidwe kake m'thupi, ndipo zimakhudza m'mimba. Puloteni yomwe imapezeka m'nyanja iliyonse ndiyosavuta kukumba komanso imakwaniritsa thupi mwamphamvu. Ayodini ndi chitsulo amathandiza chithokomiro ndi ubongo ntchito.

Kawirikawiri, nsomba zimakhala ndi ma calories ochepa ndipo nthawi zambiri zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pazakudya zabwino. Zomwe zili ndi kalori 90 kcal pa magalamu 100.

Kuvulaza zakudya zam'madzi

Zakudya zam'nyanja zitha kuipitsidwa. Mwachitsanzo, nyongolotsi kapena majeremusi (hering'i). Matenda opatsirana amayambitsa poyizoni, matenda am'mimba. Komabe, zakudya za m'madzi zowononga zitha kuyambitsa kutaya madzi m'thupi, kutentha thupi, matenda a chiwindi, matenda a Norfolk, komanso matenda a Botkin. Chifukwa chake, muyenera kusamala ndi ogulitsa nsomba osatsimikizika.

Vuto lina: nsomba zam'nyanja zimatha kukhala ndi poizoni ndi ziphe zomwe zimalowa m'zinthu zamoyo ndi madzi am'nyanja. Zambiri mwazinthu zoyipa zimadzikundikira mu mollusks, omwe amadyetsedwa kale ndi nthumwi zazikulu zamadzi am'nyanja.

Zakudya zam'madzi zoopsa zimayambitsa kupweteka m'mimba, nseru, komanso kupweteka mutu. Kugwedezeka, kusokonezeka m'mlengalenga, komanso kukumbukira kwakanthawi kochepa kumatha kuonekera.

Momwe mungasankhire nsomba zam'madzi zoyenera

Nthawi zambiri, nsomba zimagulitsidwa mazira. Mukamasankha, yang'anani tsiku lopanga, mashelufu, komanso mawonekedwe a nsomba. Pasakhale fungo losasangalatsa kuchokera ku zakudya.

Ngati pali chisanu mkati mwa phukusi lachisanu, ndiye kuti nsomba za m'nyanja zidagwa chifukwa cha kutentha ndikubwezeretsanso.

Nsombazi zimakhala ndi mtundu wofanana komanso wosalala, mchira wopindika. Mchirawo utafutukuka, shrimp idafa isanazizire. Mussels iyenera kukhala ndi zipolopolo zosasunthika ndikutulutsa jag. Oyster abwino ndi a beige opepuka, okhala ndi lalanje kapena pinki owaza.

Upangiri wina pogula nsomba zam'madzi ndi mtengo wawo. Zakudya zabwino kwambiri nthawi zambiri zimatumizidwa kuchokera kugombe la Mediterranean, Far East, Southeast Asia, chifukwa chake sizingakhale zotsika mtengo. Ngati mwapatsidwa kugula zakudya zotsika mtengo, ndiye kuti mwina china chake chalakwika ndi malonda.

Ndikofunikira kudya chakudya cham'madzi kuchokera m'malo oyera. Chifukwa nsomba, mollusks, crustaceans amadzikundikira mchere wazitsulo zolemera komanso mercury bwino. Chifukwa chake, ndibwino kudya nsomba zamitundu yochepa. Kwa chaka chimodzi kapena ziwiri, alibe nthawi yodziunjikira kuchuluka kwa mercury, komwe kumakhala koopsa kwa anthu.

Kafukufuku waposachedwa awonetsa kuti m'mapiko a shark, milingo ya mercury siyachotsedwa. Ubwino wa nsomba ndi zazikulu. Choyamba, ndi omega-3, amene bwino odzipereka. Zambiri phosphorous, sulfure, selenium. Zakudya zam'nyanja zimathandizira kukhathamira kwa mitsempha yamagazi, zimathandizira pamachitidwe amtima ndi amanjenje.

Zakudya zaku Mediterranean zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito nsomba zimadziwika kuti kupambana kwa WHO. Zakudya zam'madzi zimakhala ndi ayodini, omwe angathandize kuchepetsa matenda a chithokomiro. Iodini ikamalowa m'thupi limodzi ndi zinthu zina zotsalira, imayamwa bwino kwambiri.

Siyani Mumakonda