Kuopsa kwa carrageenan (chowonjezera chakudyachi)

Zamkatimu

Carrageenan imagwiritsidwa ntchito, mwazinthu zina, pamakampani azakudya komanso opanga mankhwala. Ndi kuchotsedwa kwa ndere zofiira zomwe poyamba zimawoneka ngati zotetezeka.

koma imadzudzulidwa kwambiri chifukwa cha matenda omwe amabwera chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito nthawi yayitali.

Dziwani m'nkhani ino zonse zowonjezera zowonjezera zakudya, zomwe mabungwe oyang'anira chakudya amaganiza, zakudya zomwe zili nazo zonse kuopsa kwa carrageenan.

Kodi carrageenan ndi chiyani?

Carrageenan ndichakudya chowonjezera chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuonjezera kuchuluka kwamafuta ochepa kapena zakudya zamafuta popanda kuwonjezera phindu la zakudya (1).

Chophatikizachi chimatha kukhala chojambulira, chokhazikika kapena chopangira emulsifier. Imagwira, makamaka, kukonza kapangidwe ka zakudya kuti zizikhala zofewa komanso zosasinthasintha.

Kukumbutsa, kuchuluka kwa kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka carrageenan kwawonjezeka kuchokera pa 5 mpaka 7% pachaka kuyambira 1973 chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa anthu komanso kukula kwachuma.  

Carrageenan amachokera ku algae wofiira wotchedwa "carrageenan". Algae awa amapezeka ku Brittany.

Kuphatikiza pa mbewu zomwe zikufunidwa kwambiri ndipo zikugwiritsidwa ntchito masiku ano zomwe zimachokera ku South America, dera la Brittany ndi lomwe limapanga ufa wambiri womwe umapezeka muzakudya zochepa zophikira ku France.

Chifukwa chiyani zimawerengedwa kuti ndizopangidwa zowona?

Ntchito za la carraghénane

Chomera cha m'madzi chakhala chikugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chitetezo. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito pochizira bronchitis, chifuwa chachikulu, chifuwa.

Anthu ena amagwiritsa ntchito carrageenan pochiza khungu kapena kumatako. Izi pogwiritsa ntchito kwanuko mozungulira anus kapena pakhungu lomwe lakhudzidwa.

Carrageenan imagwiritsidwanso ntchito popangira mankhwala opangira mano komanso zakudya zingapo zamankhwala. Amagwiritsidwanso ntchito pazakudya zolemetsa.

Vutoli limakhaladi ndi zakudya zakudya. Zowonadi, chinthu chotetezedwa kwambiri chimatha kukhala choopsa mukawononga mopitirira muyeso.

Zochita za carrageenan mthupi lanu

Carrageenan palokha imakhala ndi mankhwala omwe amakhudza kwambiri kutulutsa kwamatumbo (2).

 

Akatswiri a zamagetsi amakhulupirira kuti kumwa pang'ono kwa carrageenan sikukhudza m'mimba. Komabe, akamwedwa kwambiri komanso pafupipafupi, carrageenan imabweretsa madzi ochuluka m'matumbo, chifukwa chake amatulutsa mankhwala ofewetsa tuvi tolimba.

Popeza timadya carrageenan mopitirira muyeso, chifukwa imapezeka pafupifupi pazakudya zonse za ogula, zovuta zina zimayambitsa.

Monga zamoyo zina zimazindikira kwambiri kuposa zina, zoyipa za carrageenan ndizambiri. Kukula kwawo kumasiyana mosiyana ndi munthu ndi munthu.

 

Anthu ena omwe amapondereza kumwa zakudya zachisanu ndi zina zotero; awona thanzi lawo likuyenda bwino kwambiri.

Carrageenan adanenedwa m'mitundu ingapo ya khansa ndi zovuta zingapo zam'mimba.

 

 
Zambiri pamutu:  Greyhound
Kuopsa kwa carrageenan (chowonjezera chakudyachi)
Carraghenane mu zakumwa

Mndandanda wosakwanira wazakudya zomwe zili ndi carrageenan

Zogulitsa Zakudya

Nawu mndandanda wazakudya zomwe zili ndi zowonjezera carrageenan:

  • mkaka wa kokonati,
  • Mkaka wa amondi,
  • Ndine mkaka,
  • Mpunga,
  • Yogurt,
  • Tchizi,
  • The ndiwo zochuluka mchere,
  • Ayisi kirimu,
  • Chokoleti cha mkaka,
  • Zakudya zozizira monga pizza,
  • Masoseji,
  • Msuzi ndi msuzi,
  • Mowa,
  • msuzi,
  • Timadziti ta zipatso.
  • Zakudya za ziweto

Zakudya zomwe zili mmatumba sizinganene za kuwonjezera kwa carrageenan kapena opanga akhoza kuzisinthanitsa ndi chingamu cha nyemba pozindikira kuopsa kwa zowonjezera izi.

Poterepa, yankho labwino kwambiri komanso lathanzi ndikudzigwiritsa ntchito popanga maphikidwe osavuta.

Mu zakudya zamankhwala ndi zamankhwala

Carrageenan imagwiritsidwa ntchito mu:

  • Zakudya zodzikongoletsera kuphatikiza ma shampoo ndi ma conditioner, mafuta, ma gels
  • Opukuta nsapato
  • Zozimitsa moto
  • Kupanga pepala lokongoletsedwa
  • umisiri
  • Mankhwala.

Ku France carrageenan imagwiritsidwanso ntchito kuchiza zilonda zam'mimba

Zomwe mabungwe oyang'anira chakudya amaganiza

Mtsutso wokhudzana ndi zotsatira zoyipa za zowonjezera zowonjezera zakudya siwatsopano.

Titha kutchulapo, mwachitsanzo, za kagwiritsidwe ntchito ka zotsekemera zokometsera zotsekemera za sucralose paumoyo waumunthu, chinthu chomwe chingakhale chokhudzana ndi matenda a shuga kapena leukemia.

Ponena za vuto la carrageenan, zokambiranazi zidayamba zaka makumi asanu zapitazo.

Malingaliro a Joint FAO / WHO Expert Committee

Momwemonso, ndikuwonjezeranso zakudya komwe kumachita mbali zingapo pazakudya zomwe anthu amatha kugula, makamaka ngati wonenepa.

Zowonjezera carrageenan zili pandandanda "wodziwika kuti ndi wotetezeka" (3).

Komabe, Joint FAO / World Health Organisation Committee of Food Additives idapereka malingaliro omaliza mu 2007.

Malinga ndi malangizowo, izi siziyenera kuphatikizidwanso pakati pazomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pokonza chakudya cha ana. Izi ndikuti mupewe zovuta zoyipa mwa ana.

Zowonadi, khoma lamatumbo la ana ndilo likhale chiopsezo chachikulu chowonjezerachi.

Icho cha International Agency for Research on Cancer

Kwa International Agency for Research on Cancer, nthambi ya World Health Organisation (WHO); Carrageenan ndiwotheka chifukwa cha khansa yoopsa ya khansa, makamaka yomwe imakulitsa khansa ya m'mawere.

Mankhwala omwe amapangidwa kuchokera ku algae wofiira amaonedwa ndi azachipatala kuti ndiwowopsa kwambiri wowononga anthu.

Kuphatikiza apo, chomalizirachi chakhala chikudziwitsa kwa nthawi yayitali kuti matenda opitilira 100 aanthu samatha kugawanika ndikumwa tsiku lililonse ndikubwereza mobwerezabwereza kwa mankhwalawa.

Chifukwa chake, kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwa chakudya ichi chomwe chimayikidwa pansi pa code E407 ndichofunikira kwambiri pamagulu am'mimba, malinga ndi kafukufuku wotsatira omwe asayansi adachita.

Monga chidziwitso chowonjezera, ma carrageenans onyansidwa, ndiko kuti m'miyeso yotsika ndi mbadwa amadziwika 2B yotchedwa "mwina carcinogenic ya anthu" ndipo 3 imasankhidwa "yopanda chidziwitso chokhudza khansa yake kwa anthu. »Ndi zoopsa zowopsa ndi khansa, makamaka m'mimba ndi International Agency for Research on Cancer.

Malingaliro a European Union

European Union imangovomereza kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito pamlingo wochepa kwambiri kukhala 300 mg / kg muzakudya zina za ana ang'onoang'ono monga jamu, jellies ndi ma marmalade, milk osowa madzi, mafuta opaka mafuta ndi zakudya zonona zonona.

Mphamvu zenizeni paumoyo

Malinga ndi malingaliro, ma carrageenans amakhudza kwambiri kubereka kwa ma lymphocyte.

Amasokoneza gawo lalikulu lomwe ma cell oyera amathandizira kuwononga matupi akunja monga mabakiteriya kapena kupanga ma antibodies.

Komabe, chakudya carrageenan chimapezeka mumaphikidwe onse amunthu tsiku lililonse omwe amatchedwa organic ndi ochiritsira monga ndiwo zochuluka mchere, mafuta oundana, mafuta, mkaka wosungunuka, sauces, pates ndi nyama zamafuta kapena mowa. ndi ma sodas.

Mwambiri, chophatikiza cha chakudya E407 chitha kufotokozedwera m'njira ziwiri: choyamba, pali imodzi yomwe imakhala ndi ma molekyulu apamwamba omwe amapezeka muzakudya.

Ponena za yachiwiri yomwe ili ndi mawonekedwe a molekyulu yaying'ono, ndi iyi yomwe imagawa malingaliro a omwe ndi enawo; ndipo chomwe koposa zonse chimawopseza ofufuza.

Mtsutso wazaka zambiri

Pazolembazo, zawonetsedwa ndi maphunziro asayansi ambiri omwe amatsatirana wina ndi mnzake, kangapo m'ma 1960, 1970s ndi 1980s kuti chiwopsezo chaumoyo chilipo pakudya zakudya zochokera ku carrageenan (4).

A priori, kuchuluka kwa carrageenan komwe kumapezeka muzakudya zambiri ndizokwanira kuchititsa kutupa m'mimba, zilonda zam'mimba kapena zotupa zoyipa.

Awa ndi malingaliro a Dr. Joanne Tobacman MD, pulofesa wothandizirana ndi zamankhwala ku University of Illinois ku Chicago.

Mwamwayi, kuchotsa kofiira kofiira kumeneku kumayesedwa mufukufuku lero kuti muwone momwe mankhwala osokoneza bongo amagwirira ntchito.

Pamzerewu wamaganizidwe, mwina ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti carrageenan sikuti imangokhala pazowonjezera zakudya zokha.

Amapezekanso muzakudya zambiri zopanda chakudya monga zakudya zokongoletsera, mankhwala otsukira mano, utoto kapenanso zotsitsimutsa mpweya.

Institute of Food Control ku United States (US Food and Drug Administration) ikuzindikira kukhudzidwa kwa carrageenan m'maphunziro osiyanasiyana omwe adachitika.

Popeza carrageenan ali ndi khansa, amalimbikitsa kuti achepetse izi.

Koma vuto ndilakuti, sitikudziwa kwenikweni kuchuluka kwa carrageenan yomwe timadya patsiku. M'malo mwake, chowonjezerachi chimapezeka muzakudya zonse zopangidwa.

Ambiri ku United States kukumananso kwa mabanja akutukuka kugula zakudya zawo mwachindunji kuchokera kumafamu am'deralo.  

Zomwe zili zotetezeka komanso zathanzi, mosiyana ndi zakudya zomwe zimagulitsidwa m'misika yayikulu.

Kuphatikiza apo, mabungwe angapo ogula asayina zikalata mamiliyoni ambiri kuti carrageenan isapezeke pakupanga zakudya.

Malinga ndi zomwe tili nazo, mu 2016 mabungwe ogula adapambana mlandu wawo.

Bungwe loyang'anira zakudya zachilengedwe ku United States (5) laganiza zochotsa carrageenan pakupanga zakudya zotchedwa organic.

Kuopsa kwa carrageenan (chowonjezera chakudyachi)
Carrageenan-algae

Gwiritsani ntchito zamankhwala

Malinga ndi zaumoyo, ofufuza zamankhwala ndi madotolo pano akuyang'ana kwambiri posonkhanitsa deta kuti amvetsetse bwino kulumikizana pakati pa carrageenan, zakudya ndi matenda am'mimba.

Carrageenan imagwiritsidwa ntchito masiku ano ngati tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tothana ndi matenda opatsirana pogonana.

Zowonadi, kafukufuku wochokera ku American Laboratory of Cellular Oncology ku National Carrageenan Institute ku Bethesda, Maryland wasonyeza izi zowononga ma algae ofiira.

Upangiri wina wazakudya zachilengedwe zomwe zimapezeka ndi zowonjezera za E407 zimaperekedwanso ndi Cornucopia Institute.

Kuyesa zothetsera konkriti

Chida chodziwira nambala yazakudya

Mutu weniweni kwa ogula ambiri ndivuto lomasulira mayina azakudya zomwe nthawi zonse zimaperekedwa ndi manambala.

Zowonadi, anthu ambiri sadziwa mndandanda wazakudya zomwe amameza.

Ndi cholinga chothandiza anthu kuti amvetse bwino za zakudya zomwe zatsirizika, mwachitsanzo, kuti Gouget Corinne adatulutsa "Zowonjezera zakudya zowopsa: chitsogozo chofunikira chosiya kudzipweteketsa" mu Meyi 2012.

M'buku lino, wolemba yemwe ali ndi zaka zopitilira 12 wazaka zambiri pachakudya cha zowonjezera zowonjezera zakudya kuphatikiza zaka 2 zoperekedwa poyerekeza maphunziro angapo apadziko lonse lapansi, akukuuzani zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa zazosadziwika zomwe zalembedwa kulongedza.

Chifukwa chake, sipadzakhalanso zinsinsi kapena chinsinsi cha zosanenedwa zomwe zidagulika pazakudya zomwe zingagulitsidwe zidzathetsedwa ndikukupatsani bukuli (6).

Monga kudziwa kutsegulidwa kwa zowonjezera zowonjezera chakudya ndikutsogolo komwe kuli ndi buku lowongolera, ndizachilengedwe kuti ogula omwe akukumana ndi zizindikilo monga m'mimba, kutsegula m'mimba kapena kukokana m'mimba kukhala ndi chidziwitso choyambirira chosiya kugwira zakudya zomwe zili ndi carrageenan ndi kuwerenga zolemba za zakudya zopangidwa.

Malangizo ndi zidule

Monga tanenera kale, pali mitundu ingapo ya carrageenan. Amasiyana pamtundu wawo komanso kapangidwe ka mankhwala, chifukwa chake kupezeka kwa zosakaniza zitatu za iota, kappa ndi lambda.

Mwambiri, genera iota yoyamba ndi kappa ndizomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kuphika maphikidwe. Mulimonsemo, mlingo womwe mungagwiritse ntchito ndi 2 mpaka 10 magalamu pa kilo.

Kuchokera pamalingaliro awa, chimodzi mwazinthu zowonjezera izi zomwe zimachokera ku red algae ndikuti sichimasungunuka m'madzi ozizira.

Kuti kufalikira kwa ma carrageenans kukhale kosavuta, tikulimbikitsidwa kuti tisungunse chophatikizacho mumadzi ochepa otentha ndikusunthira musanagwiritse ntchito pokonzekera zophikira.

Kuphatikiza apo, chinyengo china chothandiza kwambiri kuwongolera ufa wa E407 mumvula yabwino komanso yapakatikati ndikugwiritsa ntchito kusakaniza ndi dzanja.

Kungakhale kwanzeru kuti aliyense amene ali ndi zodabwitsazi apewe zakudya zomwe zingalumikizane ndi zakumwa izi kuchokera ku algae wofiira.

Kutsiliza

Monga tidakulangizani pamwambapa, werengani zolemba za zakudya musanagule. Zachidziwikire, sizovuta kuthera maola ambiri m'sitolo.

Mutha kuchita izi pa intaneti kuchokera mchipinda chanu. Funsani manejala wama supermarket omwe mumakonda kupezeka pamndandanda wazakudya zomwe mumagula.

Kuchepetsa kwakukulu kudya kwa zakudya zopangidwa.

Ndizosangalatsa kuti tavumbulutsa kuopsa kwa carrageenan, chowonjezera chakudyachi.

Kondani ndikugawana nkhani yathu.

Siyani Mumakonda